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The extreme temperatures of the magma would just destroy the bones. So to determine the age of sedimentary rock layers, researchers first have to find neighboring layers of Earth that include igneous rock, such as volcanic ash.

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  • Dating Sedimentary Rock - How Do Scientists Determine the Age of Dinosaur Bones? | HowStuffWorks.
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These layers are like bookends -- they give a beginning and an end to the period of time when the sedimentary rock formed. By using radiometric dating to determine the age of igneous brackets , researchers can accurately determine the age of the sedimentary layers between them. Using the basic ideas of bracketing and radiometric dating, researchers have determined the age of rock layers all over the world. This information has also helped determine the age of the Earth itself.

While the oldest known rocks on Earth are about 3. Based on the analysis of these samples, scientists estimate that the Earth itself is about 4. In addition, the oldest known moon rocks are 4.

Considering Contamination

Since the moon and the Earth probably formed at the same time, this supports the current idea of the Earth's age. He must have taken Every One of those Animals alive on the Earth … because they do not share the fossil record with all of the Flood victims! The work by Mary Schweitzer and her colleagues has shown that at least some of the flexible tissues from deep within the dinosaur bones she examined is original organic material, not merely recent biofilm. However, these tissues have been significantly stabilized by cross-linking in the course of aging.

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While there is evidence for some heme units heme is a stable portion of hemoglobin , there are no actual red blood cells. For other fossil dinosaur samples, it is possible that the flexible material found in them is recent bacterial biofilm, not original organic molecules. Thomas Kaye presented convincing evidence that some of the flexible material he extracted from fossil dinosaur or turtle remains was biofilm. He also found that little red objects which initially looked like red blood cells in blood vessels were actually microclusters of iron oxide.

That scientists are unable at present to give a complete account of the mechanism and trajectory of the preservation of modified proteins in the dinosaur bone pores is not some unique, embarrassing case. This situation arises constantly in the course of scientific discovery.

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But when genuine science is brought to bear on these issues, they are eventually readily explained within the framework of an old earth and accepted physics. It may take some years, however, to come to a satisfactory resolution. A number of these supposed evidences for a young earth are exposed here.

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The absence of long, sequenceable chains of DNA in any dinosaur fossils indicates that these fossils are much older than the year age allowable in young earth creationism. It points out the imminent danger of another large meteorite or asteroid from outer space wiping out possibly whole civilizations. An Asteroid labled tc-4 will supposedly miss the earth by miles on October 12,13 of That is terribly close.

If that asteroid hit earth the damage would depend on several factors: Consider an asteroid YU55 which came near the earth in If it had struck in the ocean a sunami 60 feet high might have been generated. It is estimated that first degree burns from the fireball would have afflicted people within 60 miles.

The research by Miller et al.

Could these asteroids have caused the earth to crack and continents to move? What caused the continents to separate and created many of the mountain ranges of the world. Slowly drifting continents have been the usual explanation for the past 50 years and is generally referred to as Plate Tectonics Theory. That idea was proposed in but was not accepted by the scientific community until 50 years later.

Now another theory has been proposed to better explain the events. It is called Shock Dynamics and can explain all those events better. It says that an exceptionally large asteroid split the single continent and moved its pieces to where we see them today. See reference 3 below for a thorough explanation.

The few centimeters of motion in the plates measured now is due to a difference in how fast the outer lithosphere rotates versus the inner mantle, a mechanism proposed for Plate Tectonis by mainstream geologists years ago. New information found in Laetoli Tanzania.

Like the footprints found in , they are in the same layer of volcanic ash near the surface that would likely have hardened a few hours after it fell. But the one who made these footprints, labled S-1, was larger than individuals who made the footprints. Possibly a male he is estimated to have stood 5 foot 5 inches high comparable to many modern humans. If it looks like a duck and walks like a duck maybe it is a duck Yet the footprints are supposedly 3 million years old.

New Laotoli Foot prints Research studies unavailable until demonstrate conclusively that the fossil human footprints such as the Delk and Burdick ichnites have been validated by the use of cat-scans. The same type of equipment employed to diagnose human illnesses is used.

How Do Scientists Determine the Age of Dinosaur Bones? | HowStuffWorks

Cat-scans of such fossil rock impressions from the Cretaceous rock strata, allegedly million years old are used to differentiate more dense material like bones from soft tissue or more dense solidified mud. Cat-scans can also show cross sections of a foot impression and reveal the difference in density at different points along the footprint impression. Charges have been made that footprints have been carved by those wanting to prove their particular point of view.

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A cat scan can reveal the different densities along a footprint impression. When a human puts weight on their feet there is different pressure applied in different parts of the foot area. For example the initial pressure and usually the highest pressure is when the heel first strikes the ground. The mid part of the foot has less pressure.

How Do Scientists Determine the Age of Dinosaur Bones?

When the ball of the foot strikes the ground and then pushes forward that part of the foot also has more pressure than the mid part of the foot. Thus one can now examine a footprint and see if the density of the hardened material changes along the footprint area. Then if the density change match that which would result from a human gait, then you know that this is a real foot print and not something carved into an existing stone. That is exactly what can be done and has been done recently with cat scans of the footprints.

Dinosaurs are Old! Creationist Debunked